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    a cord or band of dense, tough, inelastic, white, fibrous tissue, serving to connect a muscle with a bone or part; sinew. Latin, brevis: short, brief. Function. Broad sheet of connective tissue that attaches a muscle to another muscle. Tendons, located at each end of a muscle, attach muscle to bone. Within the wrist and hand, the FDS tendons are located superficially (volar) to the FDP tendons. fibrous tissue connecting bone to muscle. What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? borrowed from Medieval Latin tendōn-, tendō, probably derivative of Latin tendere "to extend outward, stretch" after Greek tenont-, ténōn "sinew, tendon," from ten-, variant stem of teínein "to stretch, extend" + -ont-, -ōn, deverbal noun suffix — more at tender entry 3. Ligaments help the formation and functioning of joints. Ruptured Tendon Overview. When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendonitis. Tendon definition, a cord or band of dense, tough, inelastic, white, fibrous tissue, serving to connect a muscle with a bone or part; sinew. What does tendon mean? Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. A cord like extension of the fascia that intertwines with the periosteum and anchors the muscle to the bone. Fibrous connective that separates adjacent muscle and skeletal muscle. The epimysium surrounds bundles of nerve cells that run in long fibers, called fascicles. As the tendon runs from a very compliant tissue (the muscle) to a ridged stiff one (the bone), this role can become very difficult, this can result in strain concentrated at the site of merging tissues. All the stretching takes place in the muscle. The patellar ligament is usually around 5 cm in length, but its length varies with knee flexion. A daily challenge for crossword fanatics. Tendons are found throughout the body, from the head and neck all the way down to the feet. See the full definition for tendon in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Nglish: Translation of tendon for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of tendon for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about tendon. One of the most prominent tendons is the achilles tendon. This tendon and the proximal end of the muscle pass between the head of the fibula and the outer cnemial crest. Structure of … A band of tough, inelastic fibrous tissue that connects a muscle with its bony attachment. Accessed 22 Jan. 2021. The main difference between tendon and ligament is that a tendon joins a skeletal muscle to a bone whereas a ligament joins a bone to another bone. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW What is a Tendon – Definition, Structure, Function 2. The patellar tendon inserts onto the tibial tuberosity. When the muscle contracts it pulls on the tendon, which moves the bone. A band of tough, fibrous, inelastic tissue that connects a muscle to a bone. Dictionary.com Unabridged Tendons are situated between bone and muscles and are bright white in colour, their fibro-elastic composition gives them the strength require to transmit large mechanical forces. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. A band of tough, inelastic fibrous tissue that connects a muscle with its bony attachment and consists of rows of elongated cells, minimal ground substance, and densely arranged, almost parallel, bundles of collageneous fibers. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. The point at which the tendon forms attachment to the muscle is also known as the musculotendinous junction (MTJ) and the point at which it attaches to the bone is known as the osteotendi… Wounds of tendon sheaths are similar to open joints in that there is an escape of synovial fluid, "sinew water.". Are you learning Spanish? Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Define flexor. Learn more. n. A muscle that when contracted acts to bend a joint or limb in the body. Test your visual vocabulary with our 10-question challenge! Muscle fibers connect one to the other, and each aponeurosis thins into a tendon which attaches to bone at the origin or insertion site. Send us feedback. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. A tendon is a band of dense fibrous connective tissue that is attached to the muscle through the myotendinous junction and to the bone through the enthesis, a complex structure with four zones forming a gradient from type I collagen to fibrocartilage and cartilage and, … Key Areas Covered. “Tendon.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/tendon. Definition of 'tendon'. flexor synonyms, flexor pronunciation, flexor translation, English dictionary definition of flexor. These fascicles are surrounded by their own protective layer, the perimysium. This can be a common site of injury. Either way, this quiz on Spanish words for animals is for you. Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? This layer allows nerves and blood to flow to the individual fibers. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Aponeuroses are structurally similar to tendons and ligaments. All rights reserved. They may occur suddenly during activity, or gradually over time. Myology and Serology of the Avian Family Fringillidae, An Introduction to Entomology: Vol. The forces applied to a tendon may be more than 5 times your body weight. What are some characteristics of tendons? Anatomy Tendons are strong, thick structures that connect muscles and bones to each other. The aponeurosis is composed of dense fibrous connective tissue containing fibroblasts (collagen-secreting spindle-shaped cells) and bundles of collagenous fibres in ordered arrays. Tendons are the connective tissues that transmit the mechanical force of muscle contraction to the bones; the tendon is firmly connected to muscle fibres at one end and to components of the bone at its other end. Sixth Edition. The patella is a sesamoid bone that lies in the tendon of quadriceps femoris. The definition of a tendon is a connective tissue that joins muscles to bones. Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Because tendons don't stretch much, there are not many white or yellow fibers present in tendons. Outermost covering of a muscle. (anatomy: connective tissue) tendón nm nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los o unos en plural. See more. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. Tendons are made chiefly of collagen. [Medieval Latin tendō, tendōn-, alteration (influenced by Latin tendere, to stretch) of Greek tenōn; see ten- in Indo-European roots .] The patellar tendon arises from the apex of the patella as well as its anterior and posterior surfaces. Tendon, tissue that attaches a muscle to other body parts, usually bones. Blood, Sweat and Sex: My Hard Life in Porn. What is a Ligament – Definition, Structure, Function 3. tendon definition: 1. a strong piece of tissue in the body connecting a muscle to a bone 2. a strong piece of tissue…. Outlying abscesses and sinuses are usually the result of infection of the tendon sheaths in the neighbourhood. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? What made you want to look up tendon? A short muscle or head—e.g., short head of biceps brachii. Delivered to your inbox! Each fiber is then wrapped in an endomysium, anot… Aponeurosis, a flat sheet or ribbon of tendonlike material that anchors a muscle or connects it with the part that the muscle moves. A muscle consists of many muscle tissues bundled together and surrounded by epimysium, a tough connective tissue similar to cartilage. Tendons are remarkably strong, having one of the highest tensile strengths found among soft tissues. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'tendon.' Menu. On MRI, normal flexor tendons have low T1 and low T2 signal. 2. Tendon sheaths, like tendons, are a type of connective tissue. Like tendons, aponeuroses attached to pennate muscles can be stretched by the forces of muscular contraction, absorbing energy like a spring and returning it when they recoil to unloaded conditions. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Possibly the most important tendon in terms of mobility is the Achilles tendon. They can only create a pulling force.. Anatomy. 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